Critically evaluate the purpose of the structure of government.
Students will be able to identify the three branches of government as evidenced by their performance on the Three Branches of Government exit ticket.
Students will know the steps a bill takes before becoming law, the role of the legislative and executive branch members in the law making process, and the tole of the judicial branch in ruling a law constitutional or not. Students will be able to define a bill, veto and law.
The Constitution created a federal government based on the principle of eparation of powers among the branches in order to prevent the abuse of power so feared by our Founders. That separation of powers provides Congress with the power to tax, spend and borrow money while execution of those policies falls on the President. In addition, Congress has created a statutory debt ceiling that limits federal government borrowing, while at the same time passing spending policies that can and sometimes do exceed the very debt ceiling Congress has established, creating conflicting orders for the executive to enforce. Further complicating matters is the meaning of Section 4 of the Fourteenth Amendment regarding the validity of the public debt of the United States and the burdens Section 4 imposes on Congress and the President. These Constitutional issues could intersect and put the President in the precarious position of deciding the constitutionality and necessity of continuing to borrow money on behalf of the federal government in excess of the debt ceiling in order to avoid default.
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