Federal Government

The federal government of the United States is the national government of the United States, a federal district, five major self-governing territories and several island possessions. The federal government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the president and the federal courts, respectively. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts of Congress, including the creation of executive departments and courts inferior to the Supreme Court.


  • A Fourth Branch of Government

    Critically evaluate the purpose of the structure of government.

  • Branches of Government

    Students will be able to identify the three branches of government as evidenced by their performance on the Three Branches of Government exit ticket.

  • Law Through Branches

    Students will know the steps a bill takes before becoming law, the role of the legislative and executive branch members in the law making process, and the tole of the judicial branch in ruling a law constitutional or not.  Students will be able to define a bill, veto and law.

  • Separation of Powers and the Debt Ceilling

    The Constitution created a federal government based on the principle of eparation of powers among the branches in order to prevent the abuse of power so feared by our Founders. That separation of powers provides Congress with the power to tax, spend and borrow money while execution of those policies falls on the President. In addition, Congress has created a statutory debt ceiling that limits federal government borrowing, while at the same time passing spending policies that can and sometimes do exceed the very debt ceiling Congress has established, creating conflicting orders for the executive to enforce. Further complicating matters is the meaning of Section 4 of the Fourteenth Amendment regarding the validity of the public debt of the United States and the burdens Section 4 imposes on Congress and the President. These Constitutional issues could intersect and put the President in the precarious position of deciding the constitutionality and necessity of continuing to borrow money on behalf of the federal government in excess of the debt ceiling in order to avoid default.

Keep up the highly engaging and intellectual seminars! The Constitution is of utmost importance!
- Teacher, 2015
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